BUCHANAN, CLAUDIUS°

BUCHANAN, CLAUDIUS°
BUCHANAN, CLAUDIUS° (d. 1815), Christian missionary and collector of Hebrew manuscripts. Buchanan went to Calcutta as chaplain in 1797, and was appointed professor and vice provost of the College of Fort William. During repeated visits to southern India between 1806 and 1808 Buchanan stayed in Cochin searching for ancient Hebrew manuscripts. His methods alarmed the Jewish population. They claimed that they were being robbed of their records and sought the intervention of the chief magistrate of Cochin. Buchanan also   made a facsimile of Jewish copperplate inscriptions and was accused of having taken away the original. He deposited the manuscripts, obtained from both Jews and Syrian Christians, in the Cambridge University library. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Buchanan, Christian Researches in Asia (18122), 210–49; H.N. Pearson, Memoirs of the Life and Writings of C. Buchanan, 2 vols. (1817); T. Whitehouse, Some Historical Notices of Cochin (1839), 31–34; T.C. Tychsen, De inscriptionibus, indicis, et privilegiis judaeorum… a Buchanan adlatae (1819), 12–17; T. Yeates, Collation of an Indian Copy of the Hebrew Pentateuch (1812); Schechter, in: JQR, 6 (1893/94), 136–45; Fischel, in: JAOS, 87 (1967), 245–6. (Walter Joseph Fischel)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Claudius Buchanan — (12 March 1766 – 9 February 1815) was a Scottish theologian, an ordained minister of the Church of England, and an extremely low church missionary for the Church Missionary Society.[1] Claudius Buchanan was born in Cambuslang near Glasgow. He was …   Wikipedia

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  • Buchanan —    BUCHANAN, a parish, in the county of Stirling, 1 mile (N. W.) from Drymen; containing 754 inhabitants. The name of this place was originally Inchcaileoch, which it received from an island in Loch Lomond, its western boundary; but a detached… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Buchanan [1] — Buchanan (spr. Bökkänänn), 1) Georg, geb. 1506 zu Killearn in Schottland, studirte in Paris, nahm unter dem Herzog von Albanien Kriegsdienste, verließ dieselben aus Kränklichkeit, ging 1524 nach St. Andrews, kehrte aber bald nach Paris zurück, wo …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Buchanan — † Buchanan, 3) Claudius, geb. 12. März 1766 in der Nähe von Glasgow, studirte in Glasgow u. trieb sich dann drei Jahre in London umher, worauf er seit 1792 wieder in Cambridge studirte, bis er 1796 als Kaplan der Ostindischen Compagnie nach… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Buchanan [2] — Buchanan (spr. bjukännen oder bückännen), 1) George, Gelehrter, geb. 1. Febr. 1506 zu Killearne in der schottischen Grafschaft Stirling, gest. 28. Sept. 1582 in Edinburg, studierte 1520–22 in Paris und 1524 zu St. Andrews, ging 1525 wieder nach… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • HEBRAISTS, CHRISTIAN — (1100–1890). Factors governing gentile enterprises in Hebrew scholarship prior to the latest phase of more widespread secular attitudes may be distinguished as (1) motivation; (2) scholarly facilities; and (3) occasion; appreciation and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mar Thoma Church — Infobox Orthodox Church show name = Malankara Marthoma Syrian Church caption = founder = St. Thomas the Apostle independence = Apostolic Era recognition = Independent heirarchical Church primate=His Grace The Most Rev. Dr. Joseph Mar Thoma… …   Wikipedia

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